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**Joan Miró**, born on April 20, 1893, in Barcelona, and passed away on December 25, 1983, in Palma de Mallorca, was a renowned painter, sculptor, engraver, and ceramist.

Miró initially studied commerce and worked as a store clerk for two years. Due to illness, he spent an extended period in the small town of Mont-roig del Camp. Upon returning to Barcelona, he enrolled at the Academy of Art directed by Francesc Galí, where he encountered the latest European artistic trends.

Until 1919, Miró’s work reflected a wide range of influences, including Fauvism, Cubism, and Catalan Romanesque frescoes, focusing on landscapes, portraits, and nudes.

In 1920, Miró moved to Paris, where he connected with Pablo Picasso, Jacob, and some members of the Dadaist movement, such as Tristan Tzara. Influenced by surrealistic poets and writers, he began incorporating memories, fantasies, and irrational elements into his work, creating visual translations of surrealist poetry.

Miró signed the Surrealist Manifesto in 1924 and incorporated surrealistic themes into his art, utilizing hieroglyphics and calligraphic signs. The Swiss painter Paul Klee also significantly influenced Miró, inspiring his linear configurations and the recreation of intangible atmospheres with nuanced color fields.

In 1928, Miró gained international recognition when the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York acquired two of his paintings. A year later, he married Pilar Juncosa.

During the Spanish Civil War in 1937, Miró went to Paris, responding to the conflict with his mural "The Reaper." In the 1940s, he returned to Spain due to the Nazi occupation of France, settling in Palma de Mallorca. There, he continued the "Constellations" series he began in Verangeville.

Miró explored various artistic mediums, including prints and lithographs. In 1944, he created notable prints for the "Barcelona" series, followed by his first ventures into ceramics a year later in collaboration with Llorens Artigas.

From the 1950s onward, Miró delved into watercolors, pastels, collages, copper paintings, sculpture, theatrical scenography, and tapestry designs. Between the 1950s and 1960s, he created several large murals, which found homes in diverse locations such as the UNESCO headquarters in Paris, Harvard University, and Barcelona Airport.

In 1975, the Miró Foundation was inaugurated in Barcelona, with the building designed by his close friend Josep Lluís Sert. Until the end of his career, Miró alternated between large public works like the sculpture "Dona i ocell" and the intimacy of his bronzes, collages, and tapestries.

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